Perkins Loan Cancellation for Teachers

As of 2016, Perkins Loan Cancellation benefits continue to offer Teachers with one of the fastest ways to student loan forgiveness.

The only downside of the Perkins Loan Forgiveness Program is that it’s only available to Teachers who took our Perkins Loans in the first place, which aren’t all that popular to begin with.

However, if you did take out a Perkins Loan, and you’re either planning, or currently working in the field of teaching, then you need to look into these benefits because they’re probably your best avenue for receiving Teacher Student Loan Forgiveness.

Alternatively, if you took our Stafford Loans to finance your higher education costs, then please visit our page about the Stafford Loan Forgiveness Program, which offers similar, equally excellent financial assistance.

Teacher Loan Cancellation for Federal Perkins Loans

Perkins Loan Forgiveness is officially referred to as the “Teacher Loan Cancellation Program”, or even commonly as simply “Teacher Cancellation”.

The good news is that regardless of what you call it, Perkins Loan Cancellation benefits will pay up to 100% of your qualifying Perkins Loans, as well as offering substantial deferment benefits along the way!

And that’s what makes this program so unique – as of the time of this writing in 2016, I’m not aware of any other Federal Student Loan Forgiveness Programs that offer first Deferment, followed by Forgiveness.

If you qualify for Perkins Loan Cancellation, then you’re in for some serious savings.

Who is Eligible for Perkins Loan Cancellation?

Qualifying for teacher loan cancellation benefits requires serving for at least one year, full-time, at a public or non-profit elementary or secondary school in one of the following teaching roles:

  • As a teacher at a school that primarily serves low-income famillies
  • As a special education teacher, teaching infants, toddlers, children or youth with disabilities
  • Teaching mathematics, science, foreign languages, bilingual education or any other field of expertise that has been determined to have a shortage of qualified teachers by a state education agency

Your eligibility for these benefits will be determined based on the official job description for your position, rather than on your official title.

As an example, if you were called a “Teacher”, but didn’t actually do any teaching, then you won’t qualify for Perkins loan forgiveness.

However, if you were called a “Helper” but you did spend your days teaching, then you would qualify for the program.

Do I Qualify for Loan Deferment?

If you satisfy the eligibility guidelines for Perkins loan cancellation benefits, then it’s likely that you’ll also qualify for the deferment portion of the program, as long as you’re actively serving as a qualified teacher.

To find out if you qualify for loan deferment, please contact the school who holds your loan and ask them, because only they get to offer an official answer to that question.

Who Counts as a Teacher?

The Perkins loan repayment program was set up specifically for ‘teachers’, but the benefits actually do apply to a bit of a wider range of people than one might have thought.

The definition of ‘teacher’ ends up applying to all sorts of different positions, and might even allow you to receive benefits if you don’t teach in a traditional classroom.

For the purposes of eligibility, here’s how ‘teacher’ has been defined:

“A teacher is someone who provides students direct classroom teaching, or classroom-type teaching in a nonclassroom setting, or educational services directly related to classroom teaching (for example, school librarian or guidance counselor).”

Does that mean the school’s cafeteria lady can qualify for Perkins loan forgiveness benefits? Possibly!

To find out if you qualify, you’ll have to speak with the school that holds your loan.

The important thing to keep in mind is that you don’t necessarily have to be a certified or licensed teacher to receive these benefits.

However, your employing school must consider you a ‘full-time professional’ based on the paperwork explaining your status – the same paperwork that determines your salary, tenure, retirement benefits and such.

As long as that paperwork makes it look like you’re a ‘full-time professional’ in the field of teaching, you should qualify for Perkins loan cancellation.

The most important component of the definition is that you must provide:

“…direct and personal educational services to students.”

But what does that mean? Well… that’s open to interpretation.

How Long Do You Have to Teach to Receive Benefits?

Teacher loan cancellation benefits are actually quite easy to qualify for, once you’ve successfully qualified as an eligible teacher.

Unlike the Stafford Loan Forgiveness Program, which requires five complete and consecutive years of qualifying teaching, Perkins loan forgiveness benefits begin to be awarded after completing only a single qualifying year of service!

To qualify for teacher cancellation benefits under the Perkins program, you must teach full-time for a full academic year, but you won’t need to hit any given number of hours, or days per year, to satisfy this condition.

As long as the school you work for counts you as having worked full-time for a full academic year (according to their own definitions of those terms), you’ll satisfy this requirement and be eligible to receive loan forgiveness benefits.

There’s actually a bit of flexibility in the ‘full academic year’ requirement as well, in that you could combine two half-years of service that came from different academic years, and count them toward satisfying the one year requirement.

There is a slight quirk to this rule though in that those two half-years must have been completed consecutively, excluding summer breaks, and must have fallen within a 12 month period of service.

Here are a few other ways to satisfy the time requirement:

Teach Part-Time at Multiple Schools

If you teach part-time at two or more schools, during the same time period and for a full academic year, then you could still qualify for Perkins loan forgiveness benefits, as long as the ranking official at one of the schools you taught for is willing to certify that you’ve taught full-time for a full academic year.

Teach at a Private School

If you teach at a private school that has established nonprofit status via the IRS, and if the school provides elementary or secondary education according to state laws, then you could count this service toward your requirement of teaching for one full academic year.

Complete a year of teaching at such a school and you’ll have earned the right to receive Perkins loan cancellation benefits.

Teach at a Preschool or Prekindergarten Program

If your state considers Preschools or Pre-K programs to be part of it’s elementary education program, then service at one of these facilities could qualify you for Perkins loan forgiveness.

Keep in mind though that just because the school you teach at is listed on the low-income school directory doesn’t mean it will qualify you for eligibility.

Teach at a Low-Income School

Most people who qualify for Perkins loan repayment benefits do so by pursuing this route to eligibility.

If you taught at an eligible school (determined by your state’s education agency and that list of low-income schools), then you will qualify for teacher loan cancellation.

Remember that the rules determining which schools qualify as ‘low-income schools’ are that the school include:

  • The school must be located in a district that qualified for federal Title 1 funds during the year you are requesting loan cancellation benefits
  • More than 30% of the school’s enrollment of students must be made up of kids that are enrolled in the Title 1 program

Find out if the school you taught at (or are considering teaching at) will make you eligible to receive benefits by reviewing the Federal Government’s online database of low-income schools.

Search for your school by year, and if you think your school has been missed and should be featured on the list, do not direct questions toward the Federal Department of Education, but instead speak with a contact from your state education agency (find a list of contact info here).

It is possible that they’ve simply missed your school, and that the list could be amended based on your input!

Please note that any elementary or secondary school operated by the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) or on an Indian reservation by Indian tribal groups under contract with the BIE will qualify as a school serving low-income students.

Please also note that if you’ve received some portion of loan cancellation for teaching at an eligible school which then is removed from the list of low-income schools, you can still receive additional loan forgiveness by remaining at that school in later years (as long as your service is uninterrupted).

Also, under certain circumstances, whoever holds your Perkins loan may allow retroactive cancellation if you can prove that you should have qualified for it during a prior year, but they will not be able to refund any payments made during that period.

This sounds confusing, and seems like it means that you cannot receive refunds for payments you’ve already made, but can only be credited for future payments.

Teaching at an Educational Service Agency

Teaching at an educational service agency may qualify you for Federal Perkins loan cancellation benefits if your service started on or after August 14th, 2008.

Teaching Special Education

Teaching in a special education setting is another way to qualify for teacher cancellation benefits.

As long as you can get an official from your public school, nonprofit elementary or secondary school to certify that you completed full-time special education teaching for infants, toddlers, children, or youth with disabilities, you’ll be able to qualify for loan forgiveness benefits.

This certification has to be made either on the official Federal Perkins loan deferment/cancellation form (find it here) or on an official letter from the school that bears the school’s seal or letterhead.

You can’t simply have them type up a Word doc and send that in – it will be rejected!

For your special education teaching to qualify, you must provide one of the following services:

  • Physical Therapy
  • Speech & Language Pathology and Audiology
  • Psychological & Counseling Services
  • Recreational Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy

You must also be licensed, certified or registered by the related state education agency to provide special education services in the field that you’re teaching within, and the services that you provide must meet the definition of being part of the state’s educational curriculum for handicapped children.

Teaching in a Designated Subject Shortage Area

Many states have extreme shortages and excessive demand for teachers in specific subject areas, like science and mathematics.

If you happen to teach a specific subject that has been deemed to have a shortage of teachers in your area, then you will qualify for Perkins loan cancellation benefits after you’ve completed the required one year of teaching service.

To find out if your area has any subject shortages, you’ll need to check with the local school system or state education agency.

There are a few fields that automatically qualify you for teacher cancellation benefits, whether or not your state has determined them to be subject shortage areas. These fields include:

  • Science
  • Mathematics
  • Foreign Language
  • Bilingual Education

If you’re teaching full-time in any of these areas, completing one year of service virtually guarantees that you will qualify for the teacher loan cancellation program.

You will, however, have to satisfy the requirement of “teaching in a field of expertise”, which simply states that the majority of classes you teach must be in the field which qualifies for loan forgiveness benefits.

Nationwide Listing of Teacher Shortage Areas

To find a listing of nationwide teacher shortage areas in 2012, download the PDF or Word version of the document by following these links.

How do I Apply for Teacher Loan Cancellation?

Once you’ve determined that you should qualify for Perkins loan forgiveness, you’ll need to officially apply to the program in order to receive any benefits.

Unfortunately, you can’t do all of this entirely over the Internet, as you’ll need to request the forms from the school office that administers your Federal Perkins loan.

When you request the appropriate documentation, that office will let you know exactly what you need to provide them to complete the application process, and you’ll have to satisfy their requirements, as if they deny your application, you can’t go anywhere else to appeal it.

Keep in mind that you won’t be able to receive loan cancellation for teaching services performed before the date your loan money was disbursed, or during the enrollment period covered by the loan.

How Much of My Loan Can Be Cancelled?

If you satisfy all of the eligibility requirements for the Perkins loan cancellation program, you’ll be able to cancel up to 100% of your loan, though it won’t all happen right away.

Like vesting stock options, you’ll receive a percentage of your loan cancelled for each year or couple years that you continue to serve as an eligible teacher. The breakdown works like this:

  • 15% of loan cancellation is offered for the first and second years of qualifying teaching service
  • 20% of loan cancellation is offered for the third and fourth years of qualifying teaching service
  • 30% of loan cancellation is offered for the fifth year of qualifying teaching service

Keep in mind that your loan cancellation amounts will include the interest that accrued on your loan during the course of the year.

Since we have not been able to find any additional information, we assume that each year after the fifth year of qualifying service continues to offer you 30% cancellation on the remaining value of your loan.

If you have received any word to the contrary, please contact us as soon as possible so that we can update the information presented on this page.

Are Direct Consolidation Loans Eligible for Cancellation?

Unfortunately, no.

If you’ve consolidated a Perkins loan into a Direct Consolidation Loan, then you’ll have sacrificed your eligibility for receiving Teacher Cancellation benefits.

Other Questions?

If you have other questions about how Perkins Loan Cancellation works, please feel free to ask away in the comments section below.

I’ll do my best to get you an answer within 24 hours.

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Tim's experience battling crushing student loan debt led him to create the website Forget Student Loan Debt, where he offers advice on dealing with excessive student loans and advocates a cautious approach to funding education costs via borrowed money.